SONM Meets 5G: Architecting the Next Era of Fog Computing

5 min readAug 19, 2021


5G, the underlying technology for opening up a new information era, when combined with fog computing and blockchain technologies will unleash great vitality to the Internet of Things(IoT). Merging these novel technologies efficiently will provide a better solution to existing barriers and pave the way for the next era of fog computing. SONM team seizes the opportunity to make crucial headways in innovative applications, delivering a better and improved approach for data processing and transmission.

Fog Computing for 5G networks

The main idea of fog computing is the use of a decentralized network formed from disparate individual computing devices, as opposed to a single data center structure. The unique feature of fog computing is that the computing resources are decentralized: instead of being provided by some centralized data center or supercomputer or server, the accumulated resource is delivered from individual computing devices.

5G lays the foundation for a new generation of information technology. Because of the fast peak upload and download speed of 5G, SONM team has planned to connect 5G into SONM’s metaverse, providing it with improved running speed and capability. With the support of 5G, SONM operation is expected to achieve faster speed, lower latency and larger data transmission.

5G and fog computing are two inextricably linked technologies: They are both poised to significantly improve the performance of applications and enable huge amounts of data to be processed in real-time. 5G increases speeds by up to ten times that of 4G, whereas fog computing reduces latency by bringing compute capabilities into the network, closer to the end user.

Fog computing has expanded the concept of cloud computing and is closer to the place where data is generated. However, it will not replace cloud computing, but jointly meet the challenges faced in the application scenarios such as Internet of Things, 5G, AI and virtual reality.

How 5G and Blockchain Technologies Merge

Blockchain and 5G are both novel technologies, and their combination will be added more value as they develop overtime. 5G, a communications infrastructure resembling the “information superhighway”, offers the possibility of transferring huge volumes of data and information, and simultaneously, brings more efficient and reliable transmission speeds; while blockchain, as a decentralised and privacy-protected technology tool, will help 5G solve the problems of reliability, security, privacy and trust, enhance network information security and service efficiency, and innovate business models. 5G and blockchain, when effectively integrated, will empower each other and help us take crucial steps towards the next era of Internet.

5G to Blockchain

  • 5G will dramatically improve the performance and stability of blockchain networks.

With faster data transfer speeds of up to 10 Gb per second, 5G networks will enable faster transactions in blockchain systems and qualitatively improve the stability of blockchain applications.

  • The IoT facilitated by 5G brings more data to the blockchain.

5G technology can bring wider coverage, more stable licensed frequency bands and more uniform standards to the IoT, thus providing strong support for IoT-based blockchain applications. As a result, blockchain will be able to provide stable tracking, traceability and distributed peer-to-peer transaction capabilities for trillions of commodities worldwide, on the basis of high-speed 5G communication technology and the development of various technologies such as the Internet of Things, big data and artificial intelligence.

Blockchain to 5G

  • Blockchain enables 5G for true peer-to-peer flow of value.
  • The decentralised nature of blockchain offers new solutions for sharing network resources.

The nature of blockchain distributed bookkeeping and the upper layer of smart contracts have the natural advantages of enabling intelligent settlement, value transfer and resource sharing, which are suitable for combining with network resource sharing.

  • Blockchain’s high trustworthiness provides efficient solutions for business operations.

SONM Application in 5G

SONM team believes that 5G technology and fog computing will become the main structure of intelligent network system in the future. The 5G technology pursues speed, and fog computing improves the transmission rate and greatly reduces the delay by unblocking the transmission bottleneck between the data center and the mid-end, all of which coincide with the purpose of improving speed.

This makes it possible to build extremely scalable and distributed systems that can achieve performance and efficiency, not available with traditional cloud-based architecture. SONM aims to attract private users and data centers with free computing resources, and to form an open market based on these resources. A market where buyers, on a competitive basis, can find the resources to run their applications.

Build a smarter city

SONM uses the fog computing structure, which can be a viable alternative to cloud solutions and services. Some people call SONM “Airbnb of computing power”, which can provide cheaper resources than established cloud computing services. Once computing power is available locally, it can be used for machine learning, video presentation and other use cases.

The great value brought by 5G lies in the huge number of concurrent devices supported, which means that you can connect and share the data of each component of the smart city or utility supply chain with your own power, and aggregate and analyze the data in real-time by using Edge AI technology.The emergence of 5G technology will promote the application scenarios and products of Internet of Things (IoT), and edge computing is necessary to promote the application scenarios of IoT.

The 5G era is the era of IoT, with the number of networked devices increasing greatly, various household appliances and a large number of sensors will be networked, and the data to be processed will increase exponentially. Therefore, 5G and fog computing can be regarded as two complementary tools, 5G broadens the channel for data transmission, and fog computing processes and stores data at the edge layer of the network through some small servers, while reducing the pressure on the cloud.

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